What's Your Takeoff Fuel Flow?
Are you frying your Continental Engine's cylinders with
temps in the climb or in cruise of 400F or more?
management gurus that I trust suggest that cylinder temps (CHTs) for our
Continental Engines should be under about 380F for long cylinder life and engine
Takeoff fuel flow plays a part in the cylinder temperature equation.
Here is a formula for what the gurus suggest for SEA LEVEL takeoff flow:
0.60 pounds/hour of fuel per each horsepower. So, take your standard IO-520 engine rated
at 285hp, you would get 26 to 28.5 gallons per hour. You will find that this is
indeed at the redline or above on your engine fuel flow gauge.
You will achieve
much cooler CHTs in your climb AND greater engine longevity with this take off fuel flow. How should my
mechanic adjust my fuel flow? Download this
for your mechanic and get to
for some turbocharged notes from Bonanza owner Dan M. on his experiences setting up his fuel
flow per the SID97-3E.
Read the Tennessee Aircraft Services Article on
the TCM SID Set Up
If you do nothing else
on this topic, you and/or your mechanic should consider this CSOBeech Fuel Flow
Resource page HERE.
It is packed with the resources and videos on doing the fuel flow setup
So, now you're at a high density altitude or a
higher altitude airport. What do you do with all that extra fuel flow you say?
Not to worry, the folks at
show you how to lean to a target EGT for your
takeoff and climb in this EGT
Here is a
BeechTalk quote from
Walter Atkinson, co-founder of
Advanced Pilot Seminars,
regarding take off fuel flow:
"This FF thing is not about CHT. That's a secondary
reading. It's about ICPs (internal combustion pressures). THAT relates to longevity along with CHT. We judge it
by CHT since we cannot read ICPs directly in the cockpit--yet. If you have
crummy Beech baffles, 380 is a decent max CHT Target. If you have BDS or
Liquidair baffles, I'd be using 340 as a climb CHT Target.
So, this begs the question, why the SID97-3x FF numbers? As it turns out, there
is an answer! When TCM made the big bore engines to compete with the
slightly higher HP Lycomings, the way they got the HP they needed was to skimp
on the FF. Lycoming does not do this. Heck, I can make a 550 produce 330 HP at
takeoff--for a little while--by reducing the FF to Best Power. If the 10 minute
TBO is your thing, go for it!
The SID97-3x was to satisfy marketing concerns and was NOT the idea of the
engineering department. If you are not concerned with longevity, use TCM's
numbers. If longevity is your concern, we suggest using the FF numbers that we
came up with based on the measured ICP data. Our recommendations are not pulled
from a dark part of the anatomy, they are based on solid engineering data.
It's your engine. Do as you please."
See the BeechTalk thread
HERE. Click the link below to learn more about Advanced Pilot Seminars.
Does your mechanic need the special gauge set
up for this SID? Click
HERE for details
on how to put together a CSOB set of gauges and manifold "Ts" to perform the
Are you leaning in the climb
to altitude? If not, why not? That's my SOP for good power and CHT balance, to
lean in the climb. Do you have a six-point engine monitor with CHT and EGT
(exhaust gas temperature) readings? If not, why not? I am very pleased with my
JPI EDM-760 with fuel flow and oil temp sensors. The
management gurus I trust suggest an EGT for takeoff (at any altitude) and in
the climb of about 1250-1300F. So, I lean to roughly these EGT readings on my
JPI engine monitor. In cruise, running
Peak" , GOP (the procedure formerly known as Lean of Peak
but might be offensive to some Democrat owners, LOL) will reduce your fuel consumption AND get your cylinders cooler
AND increase engine longevity!
DUH, who knew, removing some of the fuel for combustion would make the fire LESS
HOT!!!! And no, you will not blow up your engine. Just do not try to lean
aggressively below 8,000' and put your engine on the rich side of peak, this is
where you can do some damage, it's the zone of highest internal combustion
pressures, ICPs, and highest heat of combustion (we see this in our CHT
See the "Red Box" diagram HERE.
I've been running my IO470L's
for >750 hours
"Green of Peak"
engines and cylinders are just fine. To read more about
Read Mike Busch's
#59 Article on Leaning
By the way, the engine gurus
recommend redline RPM and Wide Open Throttle for your climb to altitude. For
noise abatement areas they suggest pulling back to 2600 rpm.